Tag Archives: steroids

injectable steroids

Nuts and Bolts of Steroids for Newbies

by Ed Barillas, Staff Writer

In this article I will do my best to describe the effects of Anabolic Androgenic Steroids in the human body. I will try to portray a general view of this instead of pointing out each individual steroid.

First off, you have the anabolic-androgenic steroids, which can be classified into two types – one being injectable and the other oral. When you eat food or anything orally the vast majority of it goes through the liver before entering the bloodstream. As such, injectable AAS cannot be taken orally since the liver will deactivate the steroids in this first passing. The liver uses hydroxyl groups to increase the solubility of the molecules in water and thus makes urine excretion easier to accomplish.

Next you have oral steroids, which involves the modification of the parent steroid to make it rougher for the live to deactivate the steroid molecules. This involves the addition of an alkyl group at the 17 position of the steroid ring. Herein the live can still try to deactivate the steroid but is not as effective as the in-modified steroids. In effect oral steroids go through many cycles through the bloodstream before it gets excreted through the urine. Note here that many oral steroids are excreted from the body with out a change.

Injectable Steroidsinjectable steroids

Injectable steroids are highly degraded in just one passing through the liver. Many have asked why injectable steroids can still be effective. Simply said, it is because there is a reservoir, which allows a regular release of steroids into the bloodstream, and as a steroid is released into the bloodstream by the liver more steroid is released into the bloodstream from the reservoir. Therefore there are several ways to aid to such a deposit of the steroid.

Next in this process is to use the suspension process which is to use pure testosterone suspended in water and since testosterone has a low solubility in the water the crystals slowly dissolve on the watery environment of the tissue into which it is injected. Therefore the dissolved testosterone is carried through the body by the bloodstream. For example in a testosterone suspension, the reservoir is the actual crystal area where the injection is made and such the crystals do not go to another part of the body wherein the presence of the crystalline testosterone can cause little pain at the injection site. Keep in mind that the testosterone dissolves at a steady constant rate and will last for a few days in the body.

Esters are another way to add a deposit of a steroid and are used in a water insoluble manner of the steroid, which can be converted in the body to the parent steroid that has some solubility in the water.   Therefore the parent molecule is esterified with an organic acid and the resulting ester is soluble in oil but only slightly soluble in water. Very often used organic acids are acetate propionate, enanthate, undecylenate and decanoate. Remember that the longer the carbon chain of the acid the more oil soluble the ester will be and the longer it will take for the ester to turn into the parent steroid or de-esterification. A type of enzyme that can be found within the body makes facilitates the esterification reaction in both ways and such it can also attach an organic acid back onto the parent steroid. Take testosterone enanthate, which can actually be turned into testosterone palmitate. Keep in mind that many esters out there are stored in fat cells. It is also believed that esters develop a reservoir of oil/ester that hangs out in the injection site. But oddly enough this is not true while the reservoir idea is true for esters since they slowly release the parent steroid over a period of time, the esters actually disperse throughout the body after the injection before and during the de-esterification reaction to form the parent steroid and they do not stay in the injection area. Take ester testosterone enanthate that has been discovered in tissues through the body including the hair samples of test subjects who have injected T200. If a bio-contaminated one is introduced at the same time as the injection, the body will try to encapsulate the contaminated material and an abscess will form and in this case it will appear as if the ester solution will disperse. Always keep in mind that injecting too much at one site or injecting many times in one site will NOT cause an abscess.

Oral Steroidsoral steroids

Once the oral steroid has been absorbed from the intestine or a steroid has been released from the reservoir it is passed throughout the body in the bloodstream. Such carrier proteins such as sex hormones and albumin binding globulin can bind around 98% of testosterone under the natural conditions and as such only around 2% of the hormone of free to carry out its orders. When an exogenous steroid is present the level of free steroid is larger than 2% of the hormone is when it is unbound to some of the proteins but is constantly binding and un-binding from a protein. Therefore, at any given time around 2% of the hormone is unbound in the natural state. If the 2% unbound hormone all of a sudden disappears, then the protein would release more hormone such that 2% of the remainder would come unbound. Don’t forget that the bloodstream is the mechanism by which the hormones reach their target tissues.

activation receptorAndrogen receptor activation

Once a free molecule of steroids reaches the muscle cells it diffuses into a cell.   This diffusion can be with or without transport protein help and once it has reached the cells the AAS makes its way to the cell nucleus where it can attach itself to an androgen receptor and activate the receptor. It is interesting that 2 of these activated receptor complexes are joined together to create the androgen response element. This androgen response element (ARE) interacts with DNA in the nucleus and increases the transcription of certain genes such as muscle protein genes. Keep in mind that the AAS and the receptors are n a state of flux as well as with the carrier proteins. The AREs can be deactivated by losing one of the two steroids that are bound to the androgen receptors. This set equilibrium situation shows us why 1 gram per week of testosterone is more effective than ½ gram per week even as ½ gram appears to be more than enough to saturate all of the ARs in your body. The higher concentration is what makes it likely more that the receptors will be occupied by an AAS and the ARE will interact for a far longer stretch of time.

Androgen receptor activation is the key mechanism in the action of AAS. This mechanism however does not explain the difference between steroids. Another action involves firstly the central nervous system and includes actions such as motor activation and mood. These mechanisms in which AAS effect these actions is not understood at this time. Other actions occur in the liver where some steroids instigate the release of particular growth factors and these different actions of the separate AAS shows is why a stack of two different types of AAS is way better than only using one by itself.

Steroid elimination

The liver is the main passageway to deactivation of steroids as the chemical structure is changed here to make the steroid more soluble in water for excretion through the kidneys. A good portion of many kinds of steroids are also excreted as is without any alteration by the liver or by creation of the sulphate which is a lot more water soluble. There are a lot of well-informed folks out there that think that AAS causes liver damage since the levels of some types of enzymes like AST and ALT are elevated when steroids are used. Elevated levels of these enzymes are seen in patients with liver damage but from other causes so one can conclude that AAS must cause liver damage since the enzymes are elevated. But in reality, recent work has shown that a true marker of liver damage, GGT, remains unchanged when some AAS are used and many ask whether AAS are really damaging the liver.

So there you have it, a short and to the point starting guide to steroids for newbies, be sure to know that the author does not condone the use of steroids by anyone not under the care and supervision of a qualified medical professional.

sterile steroids

Stay Safe – Sterilize

by Ed Barillas, Staff Writer

Sterilization is defined as not being able to produce or being incapable to produce offspring.   Not being able to produce seed, produce little or no vegetation, a sterile land or reproductive structures.

Drying or freezing can kill many types of bacteria and causes others to become inactive as well as heat which can also aid in causing inactivity as heat to a certain point will kill all bacteria.

There are chemical and physical antiseptics out there that can prevent infection and decay by destroying microorganisms. These antiseptics are used for food preservations, medicine and the sterilization of water supplies to name a few.

sterile steroids

Some common tools for sterilizing steroid drugs.

There is an English surgeon named Joseph Lister who created the use of antiseptics to treat wounds when he developed a carbolic acid solution in 1868 and since then there have been major antiseptics now used that include bichloride of mercury, alcohol, boric acid, iodine, hypochlorites and bchlorine.

There are many drugs that cannot be given orally because they are decomposed by the digestive process rendering them useless so these drugs need to be given by injection, intramuscularly, subcutaneously or intravenously. It is important to note that such injected solutions are free from toxic agents and microorganisms. Others included sterile eye drops, implants, powders, eye ointments to be applied to body cavities or wounds and any preparation or solution to be used in a surgical operation like sutures, surgical dressings and ligatures to name a few.

Some of the best ways to sterilize these items is in a enclosed chamber or autoclave. The material is distributed into its final containers and these are sealed to exclude microorganisms. The containers are placed in the autoclave and treated to saturated steam, under pressure at a temperature of 250F for 15 minutes. Stable substances when heated are sterilized at higher temperatures at which a shorter heating period is sufficient, as lower temperatures require longer sterilizations periods.

There are some substances like pharmaceuticals that cannot be sterilized with steam so dry heat at temperatures of 284F must be used with exposed times ranging from one to four hours. Another technique is gaseous sterilization in which the substance is exposed to a vapor or gas like substance such as ethylene oxide and is most commonly used in foods, medical equipment and biological. Radiation sterilization basically entails exposure to ultraviolet, high-energy electrons or gamma radiation and its used is limited to the production of sterile apparatuses and medicaments on a wide scale.

The last method for sterilization is not really a sterilization process where the ingredients of the pharmaceuticals are available on sterile form and merely compounded without microbial contamination.

Injections are oily or aqueous solutions, emulsions or suspensions and are prepared by normal methods with care taken to remove all extraneous particulate matter and these injections must be sterilized by one the methods shown above. Some injections are not stable and so are prepared at the time of use with the addition of sterile water to the sterile drug.

Eye ointments, eye drops and eye lotions are all prepared by the general methods but must me sterilized before use and the pH balance of such is important as there must be an ideal value of 7.4 and the value of greatest therapeutic stability. There are pellets and implants that are prepared either by fusion and molding of the drug or by compression of the sterile crystals.

So take these all into account if you are considering baking and getting into home brewing. There are very nasty things out there that can seriously hurt you or even kill you if you inject them, so play it smart and be safe and most importantly, do your homework.

 

liver toxicity steroids

Steroids and liver Toxicity – Part 2

by Ed Barillas, Staff Writer

In Part 1, we looked at how 17-glucuronides are the cause for liver toxicity. We shall now look upon how they cause cholestasis. First off, bile is passed in two ways, as bile salt dependent flow and bile salt independent flow. An uninvolved process controlled chiefly by the osmotic factors bicarbonate and glutathione is called bile salt independent flow. What actually happens is not common knowledge other that the biliary glutathione levels decrease dramatically soon after a toxic steroid is taken and then total hepatic glutathione increases which shows that glutathione transport to the bile duct becomes impaired. Bicarbonate passage to the bile is likewise impaired but it is not due to impaired transporters, but rather the gradient lessened by a type of bicarbonate reuptake. These happen swiftly and are the primary toxicities seen.liver toxicity steroids

Bile salt dependent flow is an active process controlled by many membrane bound transporters. Mainly bind cassette transporters transport the bile salts from the blood and through the hepatocyte and then on to hepatocyte and to the bile. The pumping action of bile salts that go into the bile force that drives bile flow is what is supposed to occur for normal functioning.

It is said that canilicular and basolateral transporters are probably involved in hormone-induced cholestasis. The one most looked at is canilicular bile salt export pump. Also, oral steroid glucuronides have been known to intermingle with the promoter region of the gene for this transporter and to repress its expression. Aside from repression of the gene, there are many other things that may lessen the BSEP function as well. The transport of the BSEP from its point of synthesis by way of the canilicular membrane can be impaired in cholestasis supporting functional transporters in the wrong area of the cell.

In conclusion, you must look at the genetic component. There are various genetic variations in ABC transporter in the population. Some people are at a much higher risk for developing cholestasis than others and some say that in the future it will be possible for people to conclude what genetic polymorphisms they have in their hepatic transporters. One must take into account this valuable information if you are planning to take a potentially liver toxic drug. Meanwhile, the choice method for determining if one is at risk for cholestatic perils is to look into your own family.   Some conditions to look out for include, Dubin-Johnson syndrome, pregnancy, progressive familial intrahepatic cholestasis and benign recurrent intrahepatic cholestasis. The closer the relative is to you, the higher the odds of having toxicity issues with oral AAS.

Read Liver Toxicity and Steroids – Part 1

steroid relationship

Steroids and Relationships – Truth or Discrepency?

by 3Js, www.3jsdiet.com

I have had the pleasure of being a mod on a few forums over the years. With that position comes a lot of time spent on the forums. Today I want to brush up on the use of anabolics and their impact on the users relationship with their significant other. It is no secret that the use of anabolics in society comes with a taboo. Anabolic steroid users are considered “meat heads” who are uneducated and know nothing but the gym. They are also thought to be druggies and people who “cheat to get ahead.”steroid relationship

Believe it or not, this whole idea of anabolic steroid users first started in the Olympics and then blew up due to accusations of use in the MLB. With that came the shame of use as we know today. But the truth is anabolic users are educated people who want to follow a healthy lifestyle for the most part. So what happens when you have a spouse or significant other who doesn’t know about your anabolic use? Do you keep it from them? Do you tell them straight out?

I have followed a policy of truth with my wife. When I initially met her, I told her nothing about my involvement with anabolics. My reasoning for hiding it was simple, I didn’t know her well enough to tell her I used anabolics. I believe rule #1 in disclosure is the value of disclosing such information to a person. In other words, if the girl is just a fling, treat her that way. She doesn’t need to know your use of anabolics just as she doesn’t need to know your deep dark secrets.

But what happens when you decide you want to take it a step further? The day I decided I wanted to take my relationship further, I decided I needed to disclose my use of anabolics. You see, a policy of truth comes with consequences. You have to be prepared for an onslaught of questions and concerns from your significant other who is likely more uneducated in the topic of steroids than a child. They only know what they hear: steroids are bad for you. When I told my now wife that I had used anabolics in the past she freaked out a little bit. Her worries were about my health. So you have to explain the use of anabolics to your wife like you would a newbie. You have to be honest about the risks and benefits. You have to be able to debate the use to her and validate your use. If you cannot put her mind at ease than you will never win. If you get angry and give her an ultimatum, that might be the last thing you give her.

Is it worth losing your significant other over the use of anabolics? Absolutely not! But, if you do tell her and she absolutely refuses to accept your choices then maybe that person is not the right person for you?

Hiding the use of anabolics from your significant other is never a good idea. In a relationship trust is the most important thing. Once that’s out of the picture your whole world could become a mess. I’ve seen multiple relationships go down the drain because someone’s girlfriend or wife found his anabolics and confronted him. Take the road less traveled in this situation. Talk to your loved one. Tell them you what you want to do. Be kind and be patient with them as they process the information. When I told my wife I wanted to go on HRT, I did so with bloodwork and educational material. She didn’t hesitate to allow me to get medicated once she saw everything. Give your significant other a chance to accept who you are.

Good luck to you all!

lambesis

Roid Rage Singer Pleads Guilty in Murder Plot

Singer Tim Lambises of the Cristian metalcore band As I Lat Dying pled guilty in a San Diego court on Tuesday for trying to hire a man to kill his estranged wife. He now faces nine year sentence.lambesis

Police in San Diego arrested Lambesis last May after he gave an undercover officer $1000 and instructions on how to kill his wife who had filed for divorce in September of 2013. At his first arraignment, the singer plead not guilty. However, as the case moved on in the courts and in the press, lawyers for Lambesis said he had begun abusing steroids which he blamed for his behavior.

“His thought processes were devastatingly affected by his steroid use,” said Lambises’ lawyer Thomas Warwick in a statement during court arguments.

The details of the case showed different motives, however, including multiple affairs and a serious mistress at the time he hired the undercover officer to kill his wife although she admitted that he had become “obsessed with bodybuilding” as well as getting tattoos.

In testimony by one of the deputies that questioned Lambesis, an even more plausible motive was given – he wanted his wife dead because she was going to get up to 60 percent of his income and would not allow their children – ages 4, 8, and 10 – to go on tour with him.
Ironically, it was Lambises’ own personal trainer Brett Kimball who testified that the singer “wanted to know if maybe I could find someone do [kill her] for him.”

Lambesis had been married to his wife Meggan for eight years before she filed for divorce citing his “obsession with bodybuilding” and multiple affairs. Lambesis also emailed Meggan in the summer of 2012 saying he no longer loved her and no longer believed in God.

gay teens steroids

Steroid Use Higher Among Gay and Bisexual Boys

A recent study by the Fenway Institute and published in Pediatrics shows that adolescent boys who are either gay or bisexual use steroids in far greater frequency than their straight counterparts. gay teens steroids

The study found that 21 percent of gay or bisexual teen boys had ever tried anabolic androgenic steroids compared to just 4 percent of straight teens. For teens who have taken a moderate amount of steroids (up to 40 times), 8 percent of gay teens using that much compared to less than 2 percent of straight teens. A similar result was found among heavy steroid users (over 40 times) with 4 percent of gay teens reporting that much use compared to under 1 percent for straight teens.

In the conclusion to the report, the authors wrote that there are “substantial health disparities in the prevalence of AAS misuse as a function of sexual orientation. Prevention and intervention efforts are needed for sexual minority adolescent boys.”

The data for the study was collected from 2005 to 2007 from 17,250 high school boys, 635 of which were gay of bisexual.

Although there were no reasons given for the dramatic disparities between steroid use among straight and gay teens, two hypothesis have emerged among psychologists who have seen the report. One is that gay teens are more interested in body issues and appearance than straight boys. The other is that gay teens may want to bulk up to avoid being bullied at school.

It is no secret to Steroidology readers that gay men use steroids to look their best and to stay in shape. The problem is that teens, gay or straight, should not be using any kind of hormone drugs while they are still growing. What may be a choice to stay healthy and fit by using steroids among adults is actually a unhealthy mistake among teens whose hormones are still raging during puberty.

Some of the long-term side effects for teens who use steroids include depression, gynocomastia (developing breasts), sexual dysfunction, severe acne and even liver damage. If you know a teen who is using steroids, please advise them to stop right away and visit a doctor.

australia steroid violence

NSW Toughens Steroid Laws to Combat Violence

The parliament of New South Wales in Australia is cracking down on drug and alcohol fueled violence with a wave of new laws and mandatory minimum sentences – and steroids are being specifically targeted.

australia steroid violence

The NSW Parliament passed tough sentencing guidelines for steroid use in reaction to recent stories of steroid-fueled violence.

Among the laws passed were new restrictions on when people can get into nightclubs and when they can be served alcohol as well as a new guidelines for sentencing people guilty of assaults on others while intoxicated. Assaulting someone while intoxicated will land you a minimum eight year sentence under the new guidelines. The police were also given new powers to conduct alcohol and drug testing on assault suspects.

The most interesting new sentencing guideline, however, is the increase in the maximum sentence for selling or possessing steroids, from two years up to 25 years. Australia has seen a recent explosion of steroid use among young men and several sensationalized stories of violence by steroid users have fueled a backlash against these drugs.

Robert McEwen, whose son Michael was in a coma after being punched by a steroid user in December, said he was concerned that the mandatory sentences were not inclusive enough. He pointed out that the new laws have harsh penalties for drunk assailants but exempt sober ones.

“People are upset about the light sentences that these people have received,” he told AAP after the legislation was passed on Thursday. “I think the judiciary has the scope to impose tougher sentences.”

For now, these laws and sentencing guidelines are confined to the NSW but law enforcement is calling for a national model of similar penalties for steroids and drug and alcohol-fueled assaults.

steroid testimonial

Testimonial – Triumphs and Tragedies of an Anabolic Steroid User, Part 2

by Austin Knight

Editor’s Note: This is the second installment of a three part series by an anabolic steroid user. In order to give real facts of what happens to users who take steroids, Steroidology feels compelled to give a voice to users who have experienced first hand the positive and negative effects of these drugs.

In Part 1 you learned about my unfortunate experience with pigmentation. Today we will continue with the journey throughout my mid to late twenties.

It wasn’t too long before I started to realize that something wasn’t right with my libido.  At first I noticed that my erections were weaker. I wasn’t my usual self. I ignored the issue at the time and attributed it to fatigue, as I was working many hours. After a year or so, I could no longer ignore the issue. My sex drive plummeted and my energy levels were reduced to an alarming halt.steroid testimonial

Researching on my own to find folks with similar symptoms, I found a variety of causes. All of which required a professional physician’s evaluation. I finally decided enough was enough and scheduled an appointment with a doctor. The doctor had blood drawn for various tests, including testosterone levels, a metabolic panel and a complete blood count.

I was very nervous and anxious to see my results. Those five days I waited seemed as if they would never end. But then I finally received a call from my doctor who decided to refer me to a specialist – an endocrinologist. It appeared that my testosterone levels were low. Not just low – the results, in fact, came back “too low to count.” I didn’t even get the pleasure of knowing my number. I produced so little testosterone that it wasn’t countable.

Frustrated and not completely aware of the severity, I visited with the endocrinologist. I was told that I needed testosterone therapy. I thought to myself that I would do a couple of therapy sessions and I would be back to normal.

I asked the doctor, “When do I come in for this therapy session?” The doctor smiled and replied,  “Session? I guess you could call it that. The session starts today and continues on for the rest of your life.”

steroid depression

“A couple of years went by and my depression overwhelmingly controlled of my life. I gained a tremendous amount of weight; I quit my job and hibernated at home…”

This wasn’t very exciting for me at all. I do not want to be married to a needle this soon in my life. This was unacceptable to me and I refused to see that doctor again. I decided to further my research with respect to low testosterone levels in hopes that I could help myself. I spent countless hours, days and months trying to cure myself of this depressing condition. Where was the big guy that told me “You’ll be just fine” when I decided to take steroids? But I found there was no use in blaming him or anyone else for that matter. It was ultimately my decision to use steroids and I needed to take responsibility for my actions.

A couple of years went by and my depression overwhelmingly controlled of my life. I gained a tremendous amount of weight; I quit my job and hibernated at home. I was constantly sad and angry at times. I missed calls from friends who wanted to go to various places and events during the weekends. They all had dates, some got married and others were enjoying the single life. Meanwhile, I was sulking at home and became dangerously depressed. The calls from friends stopped coming and I was lonelier than I ever thought I would be. Suicidal thoughts were floating in my mind on a daily basis. I wrote several farewell letters during those days.

I was 31 when I woke up one day and decided to take control of my life. I decided that I couldn’t give up and be one of the weak-minded individuals who don’t have the ability to get out of a slump. I called that very doctor and went in for treatment. They retested for serum testosterone again and there had been no improvement. I was prescribed testosterone in sub-lingual form, which did not seen to work very well. Then I was switched to a trans-dermal form. Again, this did not work wonders for me. I believe I had a boost of placebo that was quite short lived.

Finally, I was offered injectable testosterone. It was only a few weeks after implementing this form that I began to feel better. And after 3 months I realized that I was feeling much better with respect to my fatigue and overall well-being. I still struggled with my erections, however. After discussion with my doctor I was prescribed Viagra for erectile dysfunction. This worked really well but after a while, it became annoying with the prolonged and, at times, random erections. It may seem like a great deal for any man but, trust me, it can be annoying at times when you just don’t need it.

cialis

“It’s quite unfortunate that I have to inject testosterone to gain natural serum levels, use Cialis to maintain an erection and Oxytocin for the ability to ejaculate…”

My doctor and I decided to switch over to Cialis and that has been the greatest compound in my collection to date. Cialis worked for me because I only responded upon stimulation, which is how it should work. While I shouldn’t complain, I was still faced with one more problem in that department. I was never able to ejaculate. Luckily, I had a very up to date and knowledgeable doctor who prescribed Oxytocin. Note the spelling so that it is not confused with the narcotic of a similar name.

This 3rd prescription completed my libido needs. It’s quite unfortunate that I have to inject testosterone to gain natural serum levels, use Cialis to maintain an erection and Oxytocin for the ability to ejaculate.  But this is better than the state I was in prior to treatment.

I always worry about folks falling into that dangerous state of mind that I did. A lot of people I’ve spoken to about steroids were also not concerned about side effects. That’s why today I’m passionate about safe cycling because I was the one who said, “These things won’t happen to me.” If only I knew then what I know now. I most certainly would have waited until I was well educated with respect to steroid use and was more developed physically. I am proof that just because you feel fine after a cycle, does not mean you’re out of the woods. Problems can catch up to you several years later. It’s not worth that improper cycle that made me happy for 3 months back then.

I hope you stay tuned for part 3, as I’d like to take you with me on my journey to helping others and how I became an advocate for men and women’s health. Until then, stay powerful.

too skinny teen

Steroid Use a Danger For “Too Skinny” Teens

Teen boys who see themselves as “too skinny” are more likely to be depressed, be bullied and take up using steroids than boys who view themselves as average or overweight says psychologists who just released their findings from a pair of studies on the issue of body image.

too skinny teen

Skinny teen boys are more likely to be depressed than overweight boys according to a pair of studies by the APA.

The studies, which were published in the American Psychological Association journal Psychology of Men & Masculinity, followed 2,139 boys who were all around 16 years old in 1996 for 13 years. The sample was also representative of the racial makeup of that time period as well. The participants were asked questions about their body image and their feeling towards it and issues with it. The researchers found that boys desired a muscular physique and can become depressed if their bodies don’t look that way.

“We found that some of these boys who feel they are unable to achieve that often unattainable image are suffering and may be taking drastic measures,” said Aaron Blashill, PhD, staff psychologist at Massachusetts General Hospital and faculty member at Harvard Medical School, who led both studies.

Steroid use among the group in one study coincided with the number of boys who reported that they were very underweight. Boys who reported they were underweight also reported being bullied more which also predicted a higher chance of steroid use.

For councilors working with teenage boys who are bullied and who see themselves as too skinny, Blashill recommends them to be mindful of possible steroid use even though preventing steroid use directly is difficult.

“Unfortunately, there is little evidence-based research on effective therapies for steroid use among adolescent boys,” he said. “However, cognitive-behavioral therapy has proven to be effective for body image concerns and could be helpful for boys considering using or already using steroids.”

 

doping down under

Doping Down Under

With so much attention in the media given to steroid use among US athletes like Lance Armstrong and A-Rod, it is easy to forget that steroids are used everywhere. And nowhere is that becoming more apparent than down under in Australia.

aussie rules football

last year, the Essendon Bombers were caught up in a steroid scandal that rocked Australian Rules Football.

Last year, Australia saw some of the most public steroids in sport scandals it had ever witnessed. Revelations of doping among athletes in club soccer, Aussie Rules Football and even in horse racing dominated headlines in the country’s papers’ sports sections. One particular Aussie Rules Football scandal involving the Essendon Bombers revealed the players were injecting TB-500 at the behest of the club and when some players wanted to stop taking the supplements, the owners wouldn’t let them.

But it isn’t just athletes that are causing the boom in steroid use in Australia. According to a report by the University of New South Wales, steroids are becoming the drug of choice for first time users of illicit drugs.

“Steroid use is creeping more and more into younger people,” said the president of the Australian Medical Association, Steve Hambleton. “It comes with this wish to win at all costs and to attain the perfect body immediately. We worry about our girls with body image but it is just as much young men we need to worry about now.”steroid chart

The study looked at users who obtained syringes through the Australia’s needle exchange program. Nearly three quarters of first-time drug users at the exchanges were there to inject performance-enhancing drugs, however the report does say that steroid users tend to be more educated than heroin or meth users so that might factor in to why more users would be sure to obtain clean syringes.

Another sign that Australia is in the midst of a steroid boom is a report issued by the country’s customs agency. According to the agency, more people are smuggling in steroids than narcotics. Last year, Australian Customs agents seized six times the amount of steroids at the Brisbane Airport than narcotics. The agency reported nearly 60 commercial quantities of steroids last year of various sizes. Most of Australia’s steroids are coming from Asia, mostly China and Thailand.

“It would generally vary between say 500 tablets or half-a-dozen vials, up to several thousand tablets and hundreds of vials, depending on how frequent they want to use and how much money they have I suppose,” said Customs agency spokesman Kevin Gray.

steroids customs

Last year, more steroids were smuggled into Australia than narcotics.

With all these reports coming out about the rise of steroid use, Australia is surely going to up their enforcement. We are sure to expect stricter testing of professional athletes and likely harsher punishments for possession and distribution of steroids. The media is already having a field day over a recent story involving a young man who brutally attacked another and who was later found to be in possession of several vials of steroids, triggering a public panic about “roid rage.”

Although it is not good news that men as young as 15 bare shooting up steroids in Australia, the fact that they are choosing steroids over meth or heroin is somehow promising. Being concerned about your body image can lead some people down some dark corridors of self-doubt which leads to drug abuse and addiction. Steroids are no different, but escaping through meth and heroin destroys the body and mind. Hopefully, the young men in Australia will learn that they shouldn’t use steroids while still in puberty and learn to keep in shape naturally until they are old enough to make more educated decisions about using performance-enhancing substances.

steroids captain america

Are Steroid’s Effects Permanent?

In the famous Marvel comic books and movies “Captain America,” a small and weak army soldier takes a series of injections that gives him permanent strength and agility – literally, a forever-lasting performance-enhancing drug. Although Captain America’s super hero strength and lightning reflexes are still the stuff of comic book fantasy, new research suggests the permanent part of taking performance enhancing drugs is already here.

steroids captain america

Do steroids last forever, like in the comic book “Captain America?”

According to a study conducted by the University of Oslo and published in the Journal of Physiology, even brief exposure to anabolic steroids can create lasting effects in muscle fibers. Researchers discovered that muscles that have been exposed to steroids develop a “memory” that allows them to build more muscle mass even years after the initial exposure.

“Mice were briefly exposed to steroids which resulted in increased muscle mass and number of cell nuclei in the muscle fibers,” said Professor Kristen Gunderson. “Three months after withdrawal of the drug (approximately 15% of a mouse’s life span) their muscles grew by 30% over six days following load exercise. The untreated mice grew insignificantly. The results in our mice may correspond to the effects of steroids lasting for decades in humans given the same cellular ‘muscle memory’ mechanism.”

If these results prove true in humans there are so many questions related to steroid use that will need to be addresses or reexamined. For one, what will the Anti Doping Agency make of these results? If an athlete is found using steroids, or is known to have used steroids ever, will he/she be permanently banned because any steroid use is now an advantage no matter how long ago a person took them?

Steroid users will also need to reexamine the levels of steroids they take. Is it necessary to cycle and stack so many times and with so many compounds when the effects of just one or two cycles have lasting effects?

One thing is for certain, if these results hold true for humans, there will be a lot more people looking to become a Captain America.

silk road deep web

Why The Silk Road Bust Won’t Stop Online Steroids – For Now

Anti-drug agencies from around the world cried victory last week when they took down the popular, underground marketplace Website Silk Road. Silk Road was an online mecca for drugs of all kinds, including anabolic steroids.

So far there have been nine arrests in the Silk Road bust, starting with the site’s “mastermind” Ross William Ulbricht who was caught using a computer at a San Francisco public library. Other arrests were made in Bellevue Washington as well as in England and Sweden.silk road

Silk Road was one of a network of “hidden” sites on the internet which is also known as the Deep Web. These hidden sites use a sophisticated  program called Tor which masks the IP addresses and identities of its users as well as the online currency Bitcoin which is a decentralized currency that can be used to shield transactions from federal agencies.

Silk Road was around for several years and has even been featured in magazines such as Wired as early as June of 2011. But despite its notoriety, federal authorities have never been able to shut it down until now.

Deep Web whack-a-mole

In a press release after the drug sweep, Britain’s Crime agency said, “these latest arrests are just the start; there are many more to come. The hidden Internet isn’t hidden and your anonymous activity isn’t anonymous. We know where you are, what you are doing and we will catch you.”

silk road deep web

deep web silk road

Despite that rather Orwellian statement and the very public drug busts that came with the shuttering on Silk Road, the Deep Web as of now shows no sign of stopping. A simple search for Silk Road alternatives will lead you to other hidden sites like Sheep Marketplace and Black Marketplace Reloaded. And that is just using Google. Poke around on sites like Reddit and you can find even more Deep Web drug marketplaces.

It seems that, just like in the real, the war on drugs in cyberspace has merely created a digital version of the game of whack-a-mole, where when one dealer (or site) gets busted, another is there to pop up and take its place.

And for good reason. The FBI estimates that Silk Road has facilitated over $1 billion of illegal Bitcoin transactions alone. And because of the decentralized nature of Bitcoin, it would be very difficult to estimate the amount of money the other sites have helped with drug transactions.

But could this be the end?

“Any large sellers on Silk Road should be very nervous,” said Nicholas Weaver, a researcher with the International Computer Science Institute in Berkeley and the University of California, San Diego in an interview with the Associated Press. Because the FBI was able to catch Ulbricht with a hard drive that contained around a month’s worth of Silk Road transactions, it is likely that there will be a lot more busts to come out of this sweep in the next few weeks.

But that isn’t the whole story. One of the reasons that drug dealers on sites like Silk Road should be nervous is that until recently the Tor program has worked well in keeping dealers’ online identities concealed. However, even though the FBI hasn’t announced that it cracked Tor’s code, it is almost certain that they did.

But just like the Deep Web sites themselves will be replaced by other sites when they get shuttered, so to it is likely that another Tor-like program will be coded soon to take its place.

muscle mass

Bulking For Beginners

by 3J, www.3jsdiet.com

This article will focus on the steps necessary to build a bulking diet based on your individual needs. There is a lot of commotion and, therefore, different opinions on how to bulk or the bulking approach.  A few of the popular philosophies like IIFYM (if it fits your macros) and traditional clean bulking (40/40/20) with higher carbs and lower fats will be discussed, as will the distinction between “clean bulking” vs. “dirty bulking.”

Before one begins a bulking program, he has to create such a program that will fit his needs.  Eat too much too quickly and you will just get fat.  Eat too little and you will not have a successful bulk.

picture of man with strong muscle mass

man with strong muscle mass

Figuring Out your Daily Needs:

I cannot begin explain how important it is to begin your bulking diet with a daily caloric goal in mind.  In order to get a rough estimate of what that caloric goal for your body should be, you must calculate your BMR (basil metabolic rate) and TDEE (total daily energy expenditure). Here is how you calculate both:

BMR formula #1 (if you bf is high, use this one… you need an accurate bf reading)

BMR (men and women) = 370 + (21.6 X lean mass in kg)

In order to figure out your BMR, you need to know what your lean body mass is.. so, in turn, u need to know what your body fat percentage is. If you don’t know your body fat percentage, go to your gym and get tested (please don’t use electronic scales to get your bf checked, they’re horrible). If you cannot find a gym to get tested at, please post up a picture for estimates on a bodybuilding forum, many vets are good at giving estimates.

Total weight x bf (bodyfat) in decimal form = total bf weight

Total weight – total bf weight = total lean body mass

If your total lean body mass is in lbs, u can divide it by 2.2 to get it in kilograms.

Here is an Example:

6’4 275lbs at 14% bf.  I would multiply 275 by .14 (bodyfat percentage converted from percent to decimal)= 38.5lbs

275 – 38.5 = 236.5lbs lean body weight

236.5 / 2.2 = 107.5 lean mass in kg

370 + (21.6 x 107.5) = 2692 BMR

BMR formula #2 (only to be used if your bf is under 15%)

Men: BMR = 66 + ( 6.23 x weight in pounds ) + ( 12.7 x height in inches ) – ( 6.8 x age in year )

Female BMR = 655 + ( 4.35 x weight in pounds ) + ( 4.7 x height in inches ) – ( 4.7 x age in years )

TDEE

Once you have your BMR, you need to calculate your TDEE, this is simply done with some multiplication. You can multiply it by an activity number to figure out your daily caloric expenditure, be honest here as this is the very cornerstone of your diet, if you are between two of the below activity levels then just multiply by a number in between them. To determine your total daily calorie needs, multiply your BMR by the appropriate activity factor, as follows:

If you are sedentary (little or no exercise) : Calorie-Calculation = BMR x 1.2

If you are lightly active (light exercise/sports 1-3 days/week) : Calorie-Calculation = BMR x 1.375

If you are moderatetely active (moderate exercise/sports 3-5 days/week) : Calorie-Calculation = BMR x 1.55

If you are very active (hard exercise/sports 6-7 days a week) : Calorie-Calculation = BMR x 1.725

If you are extra active (very hard exercise/sports & physical job or 2x training) : Calorie-Calculation = BMR x 1.9

The Sweet Spot:

The term in bodybuilding is defined as the amount of calories and macros one needs to gain 1-2lbs of weight per week.  The sweet spot is usually 500-700 calories over your total daily energy expenditure.  There are many factors that come into the sweet spot, and the sweet spot can change as you progress.  Your body is a big fan of homeostasis and will adapt to any environment to the best of its abilities for survival purposes.  Here is an example of the sweet spot changing:

John Doe is 5’11 feet tall and weighs 165lbs.  John is not an avid eater, he eats once or twice a day and regularly consumes 1500-1700 caloires.  It is clear that john has been undereating and his metabolism has slowed down to compensate for the lower calorie intake.  When John decides he wants to bulk, he cannot jump to 3000 caloires.  Instead, his sweet spot is likely going to be somewhere between 2000-2300 caloires.  As john gains weight and progresses, his sweet spot will move up quickly until he has reached a prime metabolism (where his metabolism would be if he was eating correctly in the first place). John will gain weight at 2300 calories for a short while and come to a stall.  When John sees this stall, he should up his calories by 200 for 5 days to see if he is gaining weight again.  This cycle should be repeated until the weight gain continues.  Gaining weight is like an onion, there are layers to it.  As you progress, you must peel of the layers.  Usually a stall means you’re through with the current layer, you must peel it off to continue by adding weight.

picture of steroid user

steroid user

The 40/40/20 approach to bulking has been long known to be the gold standard for good reason, it works for the average bulker. This approach requires that 40 percent of your total calories come from protein, another 40 percent come from carbs, and the final 20 percent come from fats.  Lets break it down so you understand a bit better.

Things to keep in mind:

1g Protein is 4 calories

1g Carb is 4 calories

1g Fat is 9 calories

So you have figured out that you need 3000 calories to bulk (with a TDEE of 2500 this would be the place to start).  OK guys, get ready.. we have some math to do again!

40% of 3000 calories is 1200 calories (3000 x .40= 1200).  So we immediately know that we need 1200 of our 3000 calories to come from protein and 1200 to come from carbs since they both combined have to make up 80% of your daily intake (that’s the 40/40 part of the 40/40/20).

As stated above, we know that a carb or a protein has 4 calories per gram.  We divide 1200 by 4 to get the amount of carbs needed for both.

1200 / 4 = 300

We now know that we need 300g protein and 300g carbs.  We must now figure out the amount of fats we need in this diet.

Since 2400 calories have already been taken by protein and carbs, the last 20% of the calories will be 600. Remember that a gram of fat is 9 calories.  So we divide 600 by 9.

600 / 9 = 66.6 (round off to 67 is fine)

In order to run a successful 40/40/20 split at 3000 calories you need 300g protein, 300g carbs, and 67g fats. Simple enough right?

Disclaimer: The 40/40/20 split is not an ideal split for someone who has a tdee over 3000 caloires.  Simply put, anything over 300g protein is unnecessary for bulking for the majority of the population.  When having to go over 3000 calories one should increase their carbs up to 500g a day and, ONLY WHEN REACHING THAT POINT, should add fats to increase calories past the 3800-4000 calorie mark.

Good meats/protien to eat: Chicken Breast, Turkey Breast, Eggs/Egg Whites, Bison/Deer Meat, 93% and up lean beef (ground beef, roast beef, london broil are just a few examples), Fish (tuna, salmon, talipa etc..), Whey (PWO ONLY), Casien (BEDTIME ONLY), Game meat

Good Complex Carbs: Oats (all natural steel cut/rolled oats), Sweet potatoes, Yams, Ezekiel Bread (or any sprouted wheat bread), Glutin Free Bread, Red kidney beans, Black beans

Good Essential Fatty AcidsAlmonds, Avocado, Cashews, EVOO (extra virgin olive oil), Fish Oil

The IIFYM Approach:

One of the most controversial and talked about approach in dieting as a whole is the IIFYM or if it fits your macros approach.  I personally dislike the approach as its known in the bodybuilding community not because its not effective but because it is highly abused by the general public.  IIFYM requires that you have a set amount of calories and macros that come within the daily needs that you have for your goals.  For example, if you are bulking at 3500 calories, you set your daily goals to 250g protein, 300g carbs, and 90g fats.  Your total calorie count is 3010 which leaves 490 calories for you to eat whatever you want daily, and i do mean anything; You could have pizze, ice cream, waffles, whatever your heart wants.  In theory, the program will work. Will it be as optimal as the 40/40/20 split i have described above? It absolutely will not.  But, one can lead a fairly healthy life and make progress in his bulk using this method.  The issue with this approach comes with people abusing the system by thinking they can eat ANYTHING they want as long as it hits their macro goals.  To the IIFYM dieter “a calorie is a calorie.”  It is at this point that the whole system goes down in smoke.  It also leads us to our next topic.

The “Clean Bulk” vs. “Dirty Bulk”

Lets go back to the last subject we were talking about.  Those who believe they can eat anything they want, e.g. “dirty bulking,” allow themselves to eat fast food and junk food in order to hit their total daily goals.  To the IIFYM bulker who has the notion that “a calorie is a calorie” and “the body cant tell the difference between a simple carb and a complex carb” the world is a free flowing river of junk food and crap that he will put in his body.  Nothing angers me more than these ill advised self-justified notions!  A calorie from a complex carb will affect the  body MUCH DIFFERENTLY than a calorie from simple carbs like sugar/dextrose/high fructose corn syrup.  The most obvious difference will come in the amount insulin spikes after eating complex carbs and simple carbs.  Also, fats play an important part of the human bodies daily process.  There has to be a balance between the different types of fats.  One of the most important balances come from omega-3/omega-6 fats, monosaturated fats, polysaturated fats, and saturated fats.  In all honesty your body needs ALL OF THESE FATS.  But eating fast food and junk will fill your body will too much of one fat and not enough of the other (usually high trans fats and saturated fats).  

So what is the real difference between the clean bulk and the dirty bulk? Simply put, clean bulking pulls macros from complex carbs, has a balanced fat intake, and the correct amount of protein to reach the daily macros prescribed.  A IIFYM dirty bulk will not have the correct balance between fats and will not pull from complex carbs.

When to “Dirty Bulk”

here is a place for dirty bulking in the bodybuilding world.  But it only comes when you have to eat over 4200 calories usually.  At some point,  the lower levels of insulin from complex carbs and the total amount of food that you can eat in a day have reached their limit in weight gain.  At that point, its time to introduce more simple carbs.  Carbs like white bread, white rice, white pasta, white potatoes, or any carb that would be considered semi-simple/simple that is not full of processed stuff is ok! Also, it is a good time to increase your fats for the better duration of your bulk.  I hope this article has given you a new perspective on the correct way to bulk.

steroid nutrition

The Beginner’s Guide to Steroids and Nutrition

by 3Js, www.3jsdiet.com

So I’m going to make this article as simple and straight forward as I possibly can.  This article’s purpose is to serve the mass population of amateur steroid users who lack the proper knowledge necessary to get the most out of their cycle and progressive instinct toward their individual goals. Having been on various steroid forums for years I have seen a countless number of members come and go asking the same questions; “I’m too skinny, what steroid can I use to get big?” or “I’m overweight, is there a steroid out there that can help me lose weight?”

pictue of fit man with pills in spoon

There are no magic pills to bulk you up. Steroid cycles also require proper training and nutrition to gain and keep gains.

The notion that there is a “magic pill” has been grossly over popularized through a mixture of misconceptions leaked by the mass media and the flawed human psychological necessity that is instant gratification.  Since there is great pressure applied socio-psychologically to have a certain “look” in our culture, many will resort to extremes without the proper knowledge of what, when, and why they should be taking steroids.  What comes secondary to such goofs is the steroid “myth” that you cannot keep the gains that you make on cycle.  We shall discuss and debunk such notions later in this article.

Having said all that, I am making a step by step program here with certain requirements that have to be met in order for one to move forward to the next step.  If at any point you have not met a requirement, you’re not ready for steroids.  Furthermore, once you are ready for steroids there will be certain requirements set for the cycle which I will discuss.  Simply speaking, this is a step by step for the use of steroids and proper nutrition.

Table of Content

  1. Age
  2. Training Experience
  3. Nutritional Set Up and Experience
  4. Basic Steroid Knowledge (including compound knowledge and PCT)

AGE

The first and most important requirement of running a cycle is your age.  Through my years as a nutritionist I have seen some very athletic young men with ages ranging from 18-23 who look more ready for a cycle then most who are at the proper age.  Regardless, someone who is young has a very high natural testosterone level of 800-1000ng/dl. Getting to the root of the issue, there are two major reasons why running a cycle at a young age is unacceptable and risky.  Running a cycle at that young of an age will only risk the recovery of those high levels of testosterone, even if the user runs a perfect PCT (we will discuss that later) one could end up with subpar levels of natural testosterone for life after the fact. Secondly, between the ages of 18 and 23 one still has room to grow in height. When a surge of testosterone runs through the body at a supra-physiological dose your growth plates fuse and you’re at the tallest you will ever be.

TRAINING EXPERIENCE

The worst thing someone can do is hop on a cycle when they have little training experience.  Besides the obvious fact that you cannot learn how to properly train overnight (this includes form), it also means that you have not brought yourself anywhere close to your genetic potential. Simply put, someone who has been training for a little amount of time has not primed his body for what steroids will do.  With that being said, many armature and first time steroid users bring upon themselves injuries due to the undeniable fact that joints and ligaments do not grow on cycle like your muscles will.  As these users  increase the amount of weight they can move in their exercises at an alarmingly fast rate, their tendons will start to wear and tear bearing a load that they are not used to.  This causes many injuries that are usually not repairable without surgery.  Separation of or degeneration of the cartilage in the acromioclavicular join (a.k.a the AC joint) is a perfect example of a very common injury that occurs to beginner cycle users who get bench press crazy and lift weights much higher than their body can handle.  So, if you don’t have years of training under your belt stay away from gear.  You simply are not ready.

picture of steroid nutrition

Nutrition is the most important factor in how well a steroid cycle will work.

Nutritional Set Up and Experience

By far, the most important part of your struggle in reaching the set goals you have in mind will be your diet.  Diet is everything, and I do mean EVERYTHING.  It’s the deciding factor in whether your body will change or not.  Anyone can get into a gym and, with a little help, get some type of basic training routine going on.  Over the years in multiple forums I have seen the same thing over and over again.  People seem to focus too much on anabolics and their training routines.  I see skinny guys jumping on a 5×5 or 5/3/1 workout routine only to find out that they stall in progress in a very short period of time.  The simple truth is that 80% of your goals will be met in the kitchen.  It won’t be met in the gym and it won’t be met in the needle that you are filling either. Because of a lack of nutritional experience, a lot of people end up right where they started or worse after a cycle.  This brings about the “myth” that you cannot keep your gains from a cycle.  It’s not that you cannot keep your gains, it’s that you have not eaten the correct amount to keep your gains.  As you grow, your bodies nutritional needs also grow. Nutrition is by far the most decisive factor in whether or not you really make the change your looking for.  Now there are a lot of different types of dieting philosophies out there and it can be extremely confusing.  People are using different weight to protein and carbohydrate ratios.  There are fad dieting prospects like IIFYM and IF dieting (both of which I don’t personally condone).  You can run a traditional bulk and cut or you can do more advanced dieting like carb cycling. Remember guys, being on cycle without proper nutrition is like sitting in a Ferrari without gas in the tank.  It feels amazing to sit in the car, but you’re never going to get anywhere.  My advice to those starting out is simple, keep it simple.  Here is a basic way to get started with dieting.

You need to figure out your BMR (this is the basal metabolic rate of your body… which means if you were to do nothing all day, your body would burn these many calories. Once you’ve figured out your BMR, you need your TDEE (this is your total daily energy expenditure, it’s based upon your activity level). In order to figure out your BMR, you need to know what your lean body mass is, so, in turn, you need to know what your body fat percentage is. If you don’t know your body fat percentage, go to your gym and get tested (please don’t use electronic scales to get your body fat checked, they’re horrible. If you cannot find a gym to get tested at, please post up a picture for estimates on the forum.

  • BMR (men and women) = 370 + (21.6 X lean mass in kg)
  • Total weight x bf in decimal form = total bf weight
  • Total weight – total bf weight = total lean body mass

If your total lean body mass is in lbs, you can divide it by 2.2 to get it in kilograms. For example:

  • I am 6’4 and 275l bs at 14% bf… so I would multiply 275 by .14 (converted from percent to decimal)= 38.5lbs
  • 275 – 38.5 = 236.5lbs lean body weight
  • 236.5 / 2.2 = 107.5 lean mass in kg
  • 370 + (21.6 x 107.5) = 2692 BMR (this is high for the average person, I’m a big guy)

TDEE

Once you have you BMR, you need to calculate your TDEE, this is simply done with some multiplication. You can multiply it by an activity number to figure out your daily caloric expenditure, be honest here as this is the very cornerstone of your diet, if you are between two of the below activity levels then just multiply by a number in between them. To determine your total daily calorie needs, multiply your BMR by the appropriate activity factor, as follows:

  • If you are sedentary (little or no exercise) : Calorie-Calculation = BMR x 1.2
  • If you are lightly active (light exercise/sports 1-3 days/week): Calorie-Calculation = BMR x 1.375
  • If you are moderatetely active (moderate exercise/sports 3-5 days/week) : Calorie-Calculation = BMR x 1.55
  • If you are very active (hard exercise/sports 6-7 days a week) : Calorie-Calculation = BMR x 1.725
  • If you are extra active (very hard exercise/sports & physical job or 2x training) : Calorie-Calculation = BMR x 1.9 

Once you have your TDEE, we can make some simple choices. If you’re going to bulk start by adding 500 calories to your TDEE. So, if I had a TDEE of 3000 calories, I would start my bulk at 3500 calories. If you’re going to cut, you want to reduce your calories by 15 to 20 percent.

So, again if I had a TDEE of 3000 then I would start my cut at about 450 to 600 calories below my TDEE. Here are some simple tips for setting up correct macros. For bulking, you want to keep two things high, protein and carbs.  For example, at a 3000 calories bulk I would personally have my macros look like this:

  • 250-300g protein
  • 300-350g carbs
  • 70g fats

Now you have to fill out six meals a day.  Divide the protein by 6 and average each meal to that number, at 300g 6 meals would average about 50g per meal.

Divide your carbs into 5 meals; at 300g carbs you would need 60g carbs per meal.  The last meal of the day should never have carbs.  It reduces natural growth hormone production as you sleep.

If you want to cut the ideal rule of thumb is to follow a PRN or as needed basis on the carbs.  Carbs should be focused on breakfast, pre, and post workout. Ideally, your macros at a 2500 calorie cut should look like this:

  • 300g protein
  • 150g carbs
  • 80g fat

Again, divide the protein evenly throughout the day.  Divide the carbs evenly into breakfast, pre, and post workout. Fill the rest of the meals with fats to get the necessary 80g fats that you need.

Basic Steroid Knowledge (including compound knowledge and PCT)

picture of buff gym man

Before you take any steroid compound, learn about how to use it properly.

Here is a brief understanding of a beginner’s steroid cycle.  If you do not at the least have a basic understanding of how steroids work you should not be using them.  Reading the hundreds of pages of info on compounds can be confusing, so we are sticking to the basics for first time users.

Testosterone

Your body naturally creates testosterone.  Testosterone is the male dominant hormone.   In a healthy young adult about 77mg of testosterone will be produced a week.  As a steroid user, you inject synthetic testosterone into your system.  When your system sees that there is an abundance of testosterone it simply shuts down your natural production.

Esters

Now here is where a lot of inexperienced people get confused.  Testosterone is Testosterone.  What is different is what ester or oil the testosterone is mixed with.  For example, testosterone Propionate has a oil that breaks down faster in the body then Testosterone Cypionate.  When you inject testosterone, a  depot is created in your muscle.  The half life of the ester that you inject will dictate the rate in which your body will absorb the testosterone from the depot.  The term “half life” means the amount of time it takes for your body to absorb the testosterone.  For example, if you inject 250mg of testosterone enanthate, in 10.5 days 125mg will be left in the depot (or injection site).   The recommended frequency of injection is half the half life of the compound.  For that reason, Prop is injected every other day, while cyp an enanthate are injected twice a week, about 3-4 days apart from each other.  The list below gives the half lifes of the most popular blends.

  • Testosterone Cypionate 12 days 
  • Testosterone Enanthate 10.5 days 
  • Testosterone Propionate 4.5 days 
  • Testosterone Suspension 1 day 

As a beginning steroid user, Testosterone Cypionate or Enanthate is recommended to reduce injection frequency.  A first time user should inject between 400 and 500mg of testosterone a week.  Usually, the dosage is split up into two injections.  250mg on Monday and 250mg on Thursday is the most traditional injection frequency. The first time cycle should range from 10 weeks to 12 weeks.  Running a cycle any shorter than 10 weeks will reduce benefits unless its propionate that you are running.  Due to the half life of cyp and enanthate it takes about 4-5 weeks for testosterone to reach its peak levels in your body.

It is very important for a first time steroid user to start with just injectable test.  Stacking compounds the first time around makes it much more difficult to figure out which compound is causing problems if problems were to arise.  But, if you were to just start with test and see that the cycle went well, then you can add a second compound to your next cycle. If adverse sides arise you could be fairly sure it is the second compound causing it.  Also, as a first time user your beta receptors are very fresh and the need for a second compound is not justified.

So you have completed your first successful cycle, now it’s time to recover.  PCT (post cycle therapy) is one of the most important part of your whole cycle.  In PCT, we provide ancillary drugs which promote the body’s natural testosterone production to restart.  The ideal compound for restarting the natural testosterone of your body is clomid.  If using testosterone cyp or e, you start pct 14 days after your last injection. If it was prop, it would be about 5 days. Refer to the half life chart to better understand why we wait that period of time.  Pct with clomid is simple.  You take 50mg of clomid daily for 4 weeks.  While in pct, you must increase your calories above your TDEE by 200 calories at the least.  If you have been bulking, increase your calories by 200 calories from where your last intake was before you start pct.

If you plan to do another cycle, keep in mind that time off equals time on + pct. So if you had a 12 weeks cycle, expect to wait at least another 16-18 weeks before you cycle again.

Keep in mind guys, if you want to take your body to the next level, consider 3Js Nutrition Network and my personal professional services as a coach in mind.  If interested, contact me at 3jsdiet@gmail.com

 

 

 

 

baseball steroids

“Steroid Era” Strikes Out at Cooperstown

picture of baseball steroids

steroids in baseball

In what is widely being seen as a total rebuke to the “steroid era” of baseball, there were no players inducted to this year’s Major League Baseball Fall of Fame. Despite a field of eligible players that put up some of the most impressive statistics for the game, including Barry Bonds and Roger Clemens, no player received the requisite number of votes to be inducted.

Although rare, it is not unheard of for there to be no players inducted into the Hall of Fame. The last time it happened was in 1996. However, this year’s donut hole of inductees is seen as different because of the clear issue with such star players as Bonds, Clemens and Sammy Sosa who easily have the stats but have been tarnished with allegations of steroid use throughout their careers.

A player must receive 75 percent of the voters, mostly sportswriters and former players, approval to be inducted. This year, the closest person to get in was Craig Biggio,  a catcher and second baseman for the Houston Astros, who received 68 percent. In comparison, Bonds got only 36 percent and Clemens got only 37. Sosa only received a paltry 12 percent vote.

Evidently players have a much different viewpoint than sports writers when it comes to the issue of how steroid use should effect wether or not a plyer is inducted into the Hall of Fame. In speaking about his close-but-no-cigar vote for this years induction, Biggio also defended the star players who were snubbed this year for their respective steroid controversies, saying he’s have voted for them if he had the chance to.

“Barry Bonds was the greatest hitter that I’ve ever played against … and Roger was one of the greatest pitchers of all time,” Biggio said in an interview with the Associated Press. “I would have yes, I think those guys are Hall of Fame players. Barry and Roger, their numbers speak for themselves and what they did on a baseball field speaks for itself.”

It is unclear how future voters will see players like Clemens, Bonds and Sosa, but if precedence says anything about it, it doesn’t look good. For seven years, homerun hitter and admitted steroid user Mark McGwire has been kept out of the Hall of Fame. This year he got only 16 percent of the vote.

sciencelab

2012′s Steroid Science Stories That Slipped By

As we head off into the New Year, its time to reflect of 2012′s steroid news, both big and small. The Olympics were once again a source of steroid sporting controversy with a medal being stripped from a “manly” woman shot putter from Belaruse. Major League Baseball was also once again the scene for steroid scandal and would have been a much bigger controversy if it wasn’t overshadowed by the biggest story of the year - Lance Armstrong.

On a positive note, anabolic drugs started getting the respect they deserve in the form of testosterone replacement therapies. You can’t turn on a TV at night now without advertisements gushing about the benefits of taking testosterone for your health. Testosterone is even being tested as a sex-therapy drug for women. These were the major developments in the world of anabolic-androgenic drugs, but there were many more developments and research done on these drugs in 2012. Here’s a quick rundown on some steroid news stories that might have slipped through the cracks:

Green tea can mask the pee

picture of green tea cup

Can green tea be used to hide steroid use from urine tests?

Researchers at London’s Kingston University found that people wanting to get away with taking performance-enhancing drugs should start drinking green and white teas. According to the researchers, a compound found in green and white tea (but not in black) called catechins inhibits the enzyme in the body that releases testosterone into the urine. “The catechins stop enzymes tagging molecules for excretion so the kidneys don’t recognize them as needing to be removed and leave them circulating in the body,” explains lead researcher Professor Declan Naughton, from the University’s School of Life Sciences. “We found that green and white tea could inhibit the enzyme by about 30 per cent. The levels of catechins in a strong cup of green tea matched those we used in our experiments.”

Unfortunately for athletes on PEDs, the effect is only good for masking testosterone in he urine – blood and hair tests will still get you busted. On the bright side, the research also suggests that the body will keep more of its natural testosterone after drinking green and white tea because it isn’t excreting it in the urine.  “It’s like having extra testosterone without actually taking any,” Professor Naughton said. “By not excreting it from the body, athletes could potentially increase their testosterone levels for improved performance.”

New PED test focuses on IGF-1

In a program funded by the World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA), three British universities have developed a new test for athletes suspected of taking performance-enhancing drugs. The new test, developed by scientists at the University of Southampton, King’s College London and University of Kent at Canterbury, is a response to the wave of new protein peptide drugs available today. It works by measuring two proteins in the blood – insulin-like growth factor-I and the amino terminal pro-peptide of type III collagen. Both of these proteins increase in response to growth hormone. The new testing method isd an improvement over previous methods because it is able to detect misuse of human growth hormone over a longer period of time compared to previous methods

The test has already had an effect on international bodybuilding sports. In September, two power-lifters competing in the Paralympic Games were given two year suspensions after the test discovered evidence of growth hormone. “Continual improvement in testing science is fundamental to the global anti-doping movement, ensuring that sophisticated dopers are caught and those at a tipping point are deterred,” said  UK Anti-Doping Chief Executive Andy Parkinson. “I am delighted that this UK developed test, which my team has been closely involved with, was used at the 2012 Paralympic Games to such good effect.”

picture of Human androgen receptor and androgen binding

Tweaking how glucocorticoids interact with androgen receptors may be the key to future weight loss drugs.

Manipulating hormone receptors key to weight loss

Researchers from Baylor College of Medicine reported in the September issue of Chemistry & Biology that they discovered that naturally occurring steroids called glucocorticoids hamper the androgen receptors that the body uses to block fat accumulation. “This has implications in this era of an obesity epidemic,” says senior author Dr. Michael Mancini, from Baylor College of Medicine. “If you can reduce glucocorticoids, you might be able to upregulate, or increase, androgen receptor activity and regulate fat storage.”

Dr. Mancini’s team discovered the link between glucocorticoids and and androgen receptors while searching for genes or signals expressed by human fat cells. Their study revealed that androgen receptors inhibit the early stages of fat maturation when the body deposits fat for storage. Androgen receptors, which normally bind with androgens like testosterone, are key in directing muscle differentiation, regulating muscle mass and increasing lean body mass. Glucocorticoids block the receptors from carrying out these functions and directly lead to the creation of fat deposits in the body, especially in the stomach area. The research points to future weight loss treatments that would regulate the activity between glucocorticoids and androgen receptors.

Performance enhancers viewed as more OK for academic than athletic pursuits

picture of adderall

College students think it is more unethical for athletes to use steroids than for students to pop stimulants like Adderall.

A research study published in the American Psychological Association journal Psychology of Addictive Behaviors  found that young male college students think it is more unethical for athletes to use steroid drugs than it is for them to use stimulants while studying. The study also revealed that students who used stimulants were even more inclined to be biased toward an athlete’s use of performance enhancers and less inclined to see anything wrong with their own drug use to give them an edge in studying.

“This is consistent with the idea that using performance enhancers is viewed as less ethical in the sporting world than in the academic world,” said the study’s lead author, Tonya Dodge, PhD, of George Washington University. “Interestingly, the students in our study considered off-label prescription drug use as more effective for success than using steroids.”

The study was done at Pennsylvania State University, where around 1,200 college freshmen answered a questionaire that compared two different scenarios – one about a track and field athlete who needed to catch up on training and another about a student who needed to catch up on studying. The athlete used steroids to get in shape, the student used stimulants to cram for midterms. The athlete won his race and the student scored high in his tests. The participants in the study were then asked to judge which person was more the cheater and if they themselves had ever used steroids or stimulants, such as Adderall or Ritilan, without a prescription. They were also asked if they had played high school sports.

The results of the questionaire showed that the participants significantly viewed the athlete on steroids as more the cheater than the student on stimulants. Less than 1 percent of the participants reported using steroids, while 8 percent admitted to using stimulants. Also, students who admitted to stimulant use were especially more inclined to view the athlete as a cheater and so were students who had played high school sports. Overall, the participants viewed performance enhancing drugs in sport as cheating while using performance enhancing drugs for learning as OK.

“One reason students may have felt Adderall was more necessary than steroids for success is because people may believe intelligence is less malleable than athletic ability. This view of intelligence might have led the students in this study to believe that taking Adderall would increase intellectual capacity,” said Dodge. “This research can help mold future prevention efforts around off-label prescription stimulant use in the academic world.”

 

teen steroids

Study Finds Teen Steroid Use On the Rise

A recent study by the University of Minnesota found that steroid use and muscle supplement use among teenagers is going up. The study, which surveyed 2,700 students in the Minneapolis School District found that 5.9 percent of boys and 4.6 percent of girls had used steroids.

“In some of the more harmful behaviors, like steroid use, we had about 4, 5, 6 percent of young people saying they’re involved in this,” said Marla Eisenberg, a University of Minnesota researcher in an interview with CBS Minnesota. The study showed that steroid use was spread across athletes, non-athletes and teens of all different races. “Asian American youth had higher rates of steroid use in particular”

picture of man doing exercise

steroid use on the rise among teens.

The survey’s questionnaire asked students about their views on increasing their muscle size and how or if they had tried to achieve a buffer look. Besides steroid use, the survey discovered that 34 percent of boys and 21 percent of girls used protein shakes to build muscle and that teens commonly ate and exercised for the sole purpose of building muscle. Eisenburg readily blamed media stereotypes for the reason teens turn to steroids and supplements for muscle growth. “We’re seeing a lot more athletes, and celebrities, and male models that have bigger and much more tone and buff looking figures. We’re seeing them everywhere.”

Steroid use is both dangerous and unnecessary for teens. It can lead to severe emotional problems, aggravated acne, permanent gynocomastia and even impotence and skeletal development issues. Teenagers are already pumped with testosterone naturally during puberty and it is important for the body to develop its natural way of keeping its anabolic and androgenic balance of testosterone and estrogen. Adding testosterone, or even protein peptides, to a growing body can have severe effects and there are very few doctors who have the knowledge of treating the damage that can be done.

It is unclear why the researchers chose to include protein shakes in their study. Whey protein is just a concentrated form of dairy that delivers high doses of branch chain amino acids that feed the muscles after workouts and encourage them to grow. There is really nothing unnatural about whey protein. The researchers may have only wanted to gauge the attitudes of students on taking supplements that make you stronger – if a student sees protein shakes as a shortcut to a better body, they may eventually see steroids the same way.

If the study of students in an state like Minnesota found rising steroid use, imagine what a study of border states where steroids are easier to find on the black market like California, Arizona, Texas, etc. would find. It is obvious that better education about muscle science is becoming more necessary as teen desires for a buff body type become more pronounced, while at the same time steroids become more available.

spa_5401

Interpol Cracks Down on Online Drugs

Buying drugs online has always been a risk to consumers. There are fraudulent drugs sold as the real deal, Websites that collect your personal and credit card information for criminal activity and just plain bad companies that send the wrong drugs because they are not using professional standards. Despite this risk, a lot of people looking to get in shape purchase their supplements online because it is the easiest, most convenient, and sometimes, only place to get them. However, an international policing effort that is now in its fifth year is trying to shut down the online pharmacies around the world – a move that effects both fraudulent, criminal drug Websites as well as legitimate supplement ones.

picture of interpol office

Interpol office

Last week, the European  police agency Interpol teamed up with other international organizations, including the FDA and the World Customs Organization, in its fifth year of Operation Pangea. The sting that targets online prescription drug pharmacies and online supplement distributors netted 79 arrests; shut down over 18,000 Websites; and confiscated over 3.75 million units of drugs and supplements estimated at over $10.5 million. The sweep was coordinated with the assistance of online drug sales company LegitScript as well as credit card and online payment companies like Visa, Mastercard and PayPal.

“Organized, sophisticated criminals and rogue pharmacies are unfortunately using the Internet to defraud innocent consumers, to place them in harm’s way, to steal their identities and to engage in credit card fraud,” said INTERPOL Secretary General Ronald K. Noble.

Over 100 countries were involved in the INTERPOL operation, with several policing organizations conducting raids on addresses linked to online pharmacies. Also, shipments were stopped, seized and inspected on their way to the homes of customers. OVer 133,000 packages were inspected by government regulators and around 6,700 of those were confiscated. Among the counterfeit medicines confiscated were anti-cancer medication, antibiotics and erectile dysfunction pills.

But not all the drugs taken were fakes. Some were food supplements and diet drugs that were being sold to consumers who wanted exactly what the online pharmacies were selling. Although they were only a small fraction of the drugs seized in the operation, several Websites that specialized in selling anabolic steroids, human growth hormone and other performance enhancing drugs were shut down. These sites were also shut down, not by taking direct legal action against the owners, but by using credit card and payment companies and domain registrars to seize their URLs and effectively wipe them off the Web.

In total, the US Immigration and Customs Enforcement agency as well as the US Department of Justice seized 686 Websites it accused of selling steroids and other supplements. In Australia, 120 domain names were seized by its regulatory bodies.

In addition to shutting down Websites with INTERPOL’s Operation Pangea V, the US FDA also announced a national campaign called BeSafeRx – Know Your Online Pharmacy that seeks to educate consumers on fraudulent medications, as well as banned and unapproved supplements.

coproid

Cops on ‘Roids – How Departments and the Public Deal with Police Steroid Use

by Jeff Clemetson, Editor

A drug smuggling bust along the Canadian/U.S. border back in April of this year has brought to the forefront a fact that most readers of this publication already know – that cops use steroids. Not only that, but a lot of cops use a lot of steroids.

The smuggling case involves the Canadian police force in Niagara, which came under scrutiny after Niagara Constable Geoff Purdie was arrested in Buffalo, NY by US Homeland Security for conspiracy to export and distribute more than a half a million dollars worth of anabolic steroids and related drugs. Purdie’s bust prompted police chief Jeff McGuire to open an internal investigation into steroid use by Niagara’s police department. The investigation turned up years of signs of aggressive steroid use, abuse and trafficking by Niagara police officers and a pervasive attitude of turning a blind eye by previous police administrations.

picture of police car

use of steroids up in police forces

Steroid use among police officers is nothing new. In 1989, television news program 60 Minutes produced a report detailing the widespread use of steroids by police officers and in 1991 the FBI produced a report that predicted that illegal steroid use by police officers would lead to corruption and involvement with organized crime in departments.

One such case of corruption happened recently in New Jersey. Over 248 police officers and firefighters from 53 agencies around the Jersey City area were discovered to be involved in a steroid prescription scheme with a local physician named Dr. Joseph Colao. Dr. Colao wrote prescriptions to police and firefighters, most of whom were under the age of 40, for non-existant illnesses such as low testosterone that allowed them to take testosterone-based drugs as well as HGH and other more advanced anabolic steroids. Because the police and firefighters used their publicly paid medical insurance, by some estimates the taxpayers of New Jersey were charged into the millions of dollars for bulking up their public servants.

“If it’s shown that these law enforcement officers are getting steroids through illegal manners, and specifically through false prescriptions, that’s a violation of the law,” said New Jersey Attorney General Paula Dow in an interview with NJ.com. “It’s a fraud on the system, and its something that should be stopped.”

Stopping steroid use in police departments is easier said than done. An article published in October in The Police Chief, written by a collaboration of Pheonix, AZ police officials and several doctors, acknowledged the difficulties departments have in monitoring steroid use, specifically citing the  high cost of testing for a wide range of anabolic substances and the legal parameters of dealing with officers who have prescriptions from doctors – whether the doctor is properly prescribing the drugs or merely using his/her office to push expensive steroid compounds for profit.

Besides discussing the cost and difficulties of testing, the article in The Police Chief also went into detail on why police departments need to monitor their officers’ use of steroids – lawsuits brought to departments for using excessive force. The article opens with a “what if” scenario meant to enlighten police officials as to who might be using steroids in their departments and how to recognize them.

“Another officer, involved in several shootings and use-of-force incidents, garners significant attention within his agency and the media. Investigations reveal that the unrelated incidents were questionable but lawful and, according to the officer, justified based on perceived threats. The agency’s use-of-force review reluctantly finds the officer within policy but awaits the next incident. How many police leaders would recognize that this officer could have a problem similar to the one in the first example? If the officer’s appearance indicated he was exceptionally muscular, would they consider the possible abuse of anabolic steroids? What would prompt them to believe that excessive use of force could be associated with “’roid rage,” a hyperaggressive, violent state of mind supposedly brought on by steroid use? When and how would they confirm that their suspicions are true? What if a defense or civil attorney proposed that an officer was a steroid abuser based on the officer’s appearance and witnessed behaviors?”

The caution that departments are suddenly taking to their officers’ use of steroids is not without cause. Remember Constable Purdie of the Niagara Police Department? After his arrest by Homeland Security, previous incidents of his aggressive use of force began to make the news. In one incident, an off-duty Pudie beat a 54-year-old man outside a restaurant. In another, Purdie and his partner severely beat a man in front of his own home. Both cases were reported by the victims as police brutality but the charges were dismissed by the police departments. However, in light of Purdie’s and the other officers’ involvement in the steroid smuggling ring, new civil lawsuits may be brought up that contend the officers were abusing steroids, invloved in criminal racketeering and likely lied about their version of the events surrounding the brutality charges.

In the Jersey City police department, several officers taking steroids prescribed by Dr. Colao have already been charged with violence, fired from their jobs or sued for excessive force. Officer Brian McGovern was allegedly taking Stanozolol, testosterone, HGH and Nandrolone when he was suspended for assaulting a man during a fight while he was off-duty. Passaic County Sheriff’s Detective, Dr. Colao patient and competitive bodybuilder Rafael Galan was criminally charged with official misconduct for allegedly tipping off a drug dealer to an investigation, although the charges were later dropped. Officers Victor Vargas and Michael Stise are defending their actions in a civil lawsuit brought on the Jersey City police department after the two men allegedly beat a man in his own home who had called the police to report a possible break in.

The suit involving Vargas and Stise is one of at least five that involve officers who had prescriptions from Dr. Colao. More are expected if the Jersey City department looses in court.

It is unclear to science whether or not steroids play a significant role in acts of violence. The term “roid rage” is often thrown around to explain acts of aggression by steroid users. Most people who use steroids do not loose control of their temper and those that do are probably the type of person who is prone to a bad temper in the first place, regardless of steroid use. But for police officers who seek to gain that physical edge because of the demands of their difficult job, “roid rage” will be the charge leveled against them by lawyers during lawsuits and by superiors who question their use of force during arrests. And due to a more enlightened public armed with video cameras, excessive force by police officers will more and more be assumed to be the result of steroid abuse.

Like the article in The Police Chief states, comprehensive testing for most police departments is too expensive for today’s cash-strapped cities. But if more incidents of police officers involved with illegal steroids make the news, cops will join professional athletes under the watchful eyes of urine monitoring.

baseball steroids2

Another Bay Area baseball player suspended for steroids

Bay Area baseball fans got hit with more bad news this week – this time from across the Bay Bridge. Oakland A’s right handed starting pitcher Bartolo Colon was suspended 50 games for testing positive for testosterone, the second player this month to receive the hefty suspension after Giant’s left fielder Melky Cabrera was suspended for the same thing last week.

picture steroids in baseball

steroids in baseball

Colon’s suspension will certainly affect the A’s post season chances as they were 6 games out of first and only 1 game out of a wild card birth for the American League playoffs. In a statement released by the players’ association, Colon apologized to fans and teammates and the A’s organization and accepted responsibility for his actions.

Minor league pitcher Tyson Ross, who was called up from Sacramento when the suspension was announced, will replace Colon.

Ross’ reaction to the suspension and his call up to the big leagues was somewhat ironic, considering the number of Bay Area players, both recent and historicly, who have been caught taking steroids.

“It shocked all of us just the fact someone got caught for that,” he said.

Perhaps Bay Area baseball players should stop being “shocked” about getting caught for steroids. After Canseco, McGuire, Bonds, BALCO, Tejada and now Cabrera and Colon, it seems that Major League Baseball is on to the fact that there isn’t just good weed in the Bay Area, but good steroids, too.

 

steroidbaseball

Cabrera suspension highlights steroids continuing allure in MLB

The recent suspension of San Francisco Giants left fielder Melky Cabrera brings the issue of steroid use in Major League Baseball, once again, to the forefront of our national discourse.

Cabrera is the first high-profile player to be suspended for steroid use since Milwaukee Brewers left fielder Ryan Braun was suspended last season, before having that suspension overturned by an arbitrator. Unlike Braun, Cabrera fessed up to using synthetic testosterone after failing two tests. Despite Cabrera’s admission, questions remain. How long was he using before he was caught? How reliable then are the tests for MLB players? And how many other athletes in the league are juicing?

Only Cabrera knows how long he’s been using PEDs and so far hasn’t offered up that information. The MLB commission in charge of testing players has assured the press, the teams and the fans that the random testing is more than reliable. And as for just how many players are using PEDs in baseball, there are conflicting opinions.

In an interview with USA Today following the Cabrera scandal, BALCO founder and admitted steroid distributor Victor Conte said there is “rampant use of synthetic testosterone in Major League Baseball.”

picture steroids in baseball

steroids in baseball

 

“I would say maybe as much as half of baseball,” Conte said, citing that he has talked with many of the sport’s top players.

Despite Conte’s apparent inside information, MLB isn’t quite sure about Conte’s estimate of steroid use in baseball.

“He is just making that up,” said MLB vice president Rob Manfred. “It’s a guess.”

But Conte disagrees citing his extensive knowledge of how steroids work. (In case you are unfamiliar, Conte was the man behind some of the biggest sports steroid scandals including Barry Bonds and Marion Jones.)

“To circumvent the system is like taking candy from a baby,” Conte said. “The only people that get caught are the dumb and the dumber.”

Testing for steroids is quite simple. Urine is tested for the body’s natural ratio of testosterone to epitestosterone, which is 1 to 1 in adult men. When an abnormality occurs, the sample is then subjected to an isotope ration mass spectrometry test to determine whether the excess testosterone is natural or synthetic.

This seems like a fairly easy system to “duck and dodge,” as Conte put it in his USA Today interview, however there are plenty of reasons to not take his “half of baseball” claim to seriously.

Testing for steroids in MLB started after the league and the players union finally agreed to a test run for random testing of sorts back in 2003. If fiver percent or less of players tested positive, the league wouldn’t make testing part of the contract agreement between the players and MLB. If there were more than five percent, the players would have to agree to random testing the following season. After 1200 players were tested, 104 came up positive, or almost eight percent, so MLB has been randomly testing players since 2004.

Supporters of Major League Baseball’s testing program point out that if only eight percent of players were using steroids before random testing took place, then that number should be less now that the tests are in place and therefore Conte’s assumption that “half of baseball” is juicing is just outrageous.

Conte, of course, would argue that testing has been flawed from the start and that the initial percent of players using steroids in 2003 was much higher, they just didn’t get caught.

Who is right? We may never know, unless MLB and other sports organization can develop a full-proof testing procedure (some argue that baseball doesn’t even want that because homeruns equal ticket sales). What we do know is that players like Cabrera continue to risk expensive suspensions, shame in the media and the ire of fans and still use steroids. They must think they can get away with it for some reason.

 

olympicsteroids

“Manly” shot putter denied gold for using steroids

picture of steroids in olympic

steroids in olympic

If it walks like a duck and quacks like a duck, then it must be a duck. That is what Welsh shot putter Brett Morse must have said (or the Welsh equivalent) after Belerusian shot putter Nadzeya Ostapchuk was stripped of her gold medal after the IOC tested her for steroids and she came up positive for Primobolan.

Morse, who had earlier Tweeted that Ostapchuk looked “like a man,” was blasted for being sexist and unkind for his characterization of the Belerusian shot putter. He must be feeling a bit vindicated now.

Ostapchuk tested positive for methenolone enthanate, or Primobolan, in two tests by the IOC doping committee – one before her competition and one after. It means that Valerie Adams of New Zealand will get the gold, Evganiia Kolodko of Russia will get the silver and Gong Lijiao of China will take the bronze.

The only other athlete at the London Games who came up positive for banned substances was United States Judo fighter Nick Delpopolo who tested positive for marijuana, which he blamed on an accidental dosing from a brownie.

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